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What are the Most Common Types of Stainless Steel? Most common are austenitic stainless steels, grades 304, 316, and 317. Next-most common are ferritic stainless steels, grades 430 and 434. Least common are martensitic stainless steels, grades 410 and 420. These have the highest hardness.
Austenitic Stainless Steel. Austenitic stainless steel is one of the most common types of stainless steel on this list. It has a microstructure that includes an addition of Nitrogen, Nickel, and Manganese. The structure of austenitic stainless steel is the same as what you would find in regular steel.
Elements: Chromium: Chromium is an essential element for stainless steel, and it helps make the steel resistant to stains,, all type stainless steel Nickel: When nickel is added to stainless steel, it brings stability and strength to the metal. Carbon: Adding carbon to stainless steel hardens and strengthens the steel , all type stainless steel
The most familiar stainless steel is probably Type 304, sometimes called T304 or simply 304. Type 304 surgical stainless steel is an austenitic steel containing 18-20% chromium and 8-10% nickel. Ferritic: Ferritic steels have ferrite (body centered cubic crystal) as their main phase.
The straight grades of austenitic stainless steel contain a maximum of .08% carbon. There is a misconception that straight grades contain a minimum of .03% carbon, but the spec does not require this.
Types of Stainless Steel In addition to chromium, nickel, molybdenum, titanium and niobium, other elements may also be added to stainless steels in varying quantities to produce a range of stainless steel grades, each with different properties.
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